What is it?
Age-Related Macular Degeneration (AMD) is the leading cause of severe vision loss in adults over age 50. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention estimate that 1.8 million people have AMD and another 7.3 million are at substantial risk for vision loss from AMD. Caucasians are at higher risk for developing AMD than other races. Women also develop AMD at an earlier age than men.
What Causes Dry Eyes?
Macular degeneration is defined as age related changes in the central part of the retina called Macula. Most of the Macular pigment changes lead to fluid accumulation, There are two types of AMD, Dry AMD and Wet AMD. Of the two, Dry AMD is less severe form.
There is a huge risk factors like smoking and Hereditary factors plays a major role. As an Eye care provider, we recommend screening or dilated eye examinations yearly, especially people who are smoking or having macular degeneration in the immediate family member.
How is it Treated?
Dry AMD can be managed by prescribing supplements (such as ARED Formula Lutein, Zeaxanthin, Mesozeaxanthin and Zn supplements). Wet AMD needs Anti VEGF (Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor) where it inhibits or reduces fluid leakage and maintains stable vision.